Borsec is situated in the Eastern Carpathian Mountains of Transylvania, and is one of the most renowned curative spas in the subalpine, windless, peat-rich county of Harghita, Romania. It is listed in the country's register of historical monuments. Bottling of Borsec commenced over two hundred years ago, and since modernization in 1992, the facility outputs two million liters per month of its legendary "Regina Apelor Minerale SA Borsec " (Mineral Water Queen Borsec ). The curative properties of the water were already known in the 1600s, and for centuries it was transported by carts in wooden casks to be served in the Royal Court in Vienna. It was Emperor Franz Josef who dubbed Borsec the "Queen of Mineral Waters." The pH, although slightly acidic, is near enough to neutral to distinguish Borsec from other naturally carbonated waters whose carbonic acid origin tends to create much lower final pH levels in the harvested water. The Calcium is high at 310 milligrams per liter. Magnesium and Bicarbonate - are robust at 97 and 1,800 milligrams respectively. However, the Sodium level is very low for a high mineral water at only 53 milligrams per liter. Traditionally, Borsec has been helpful for circulatory disease, anaemia, disease of the endocrine glands, nervous disease, rickets, renal disease, diabetes, and even for obesity. It's most popular use today is as a super-healthy drinking water. Borsec was awarded a GOLD medal at 2004 Berkely Springs, WV USA International Water Tasting event, for carbonated waters.

Water In The News...
Too Much Bottled Water Might Harm Kids' Teeth
A recent article in Health Day speaks to this issue, which follows a previous article in the NY Times in March discussing the same topic. We addressed this in the April Fountainhead. Bottled water has become a staple of the American dietary landscape.

But, some experts say it may contribute to diminished dental health.

While most bottled water manufacturers declare that their products are 100 percent "pure," "clean" or "natural," few brands contain one ingredient that most Americans take for granted: fluoride

Some municipal water supplies have been adding fluoride, which in some instances meet with the consent of parents, assuming their children’s teeth are being protected. In other instances, it meets with dismay over the fact they are fluoridating the water artificially.

The connection between bottled water and dental health is just a suspicion, with no scientific proof, and Dr. Shenkin, a spokesman for the American dental Association, acknowledges that "there has been no research to show using bottled water causes tooth decay."

In a news release issued in March, responding to the NY Times article, the International Bottled Water Association (IBWA) denied that bottled-water consumption is associated with an increased risk for tooth decay. "There is absolutely no correlation between consumption of bottled water and an increase in cavities," the IBWA stated. "In fact, bottled water does not contain ingredients that cause cavities, such as sugar."

What’s In A Name?
The company behind the respected Brazilian Lindoya Verão water brand is called Lindoiano Fontes Radioativas, which literally means ‘radioactive sources of Lindoya’. Really? They couldn’t come up with a better name?

Brands In The News...
Evian 2013 Designer Bottle
Evian has selected Diane von Furstenberg as the designer of its 2013 limited-edition bottle. The design will be released in November at Evian retailers, bars and restaurants and on Of course, you will also be able to get it at Aqua Maestro too, evian’s exclusive online retailer.

For the Pet Lover
We have discussed many of the issues tap water or municipal water has experienced, from the presence of chemicals, or water main breaks causing contaminants to enter the supply. Now, some dog owners are wondering whether tap water is safe enough for their pets as well.

In the Fountainhead November 08, we included the names of new brands entering the pet market. Also, in the September 08 issue, we spoke about relief for the tearing and brown staining of eyes on small dogs. We are repeating it here…

The tearing and staining of the eyes most notably on small, light or white colored dogs is caused by excess tearing, and the subsequent growth of a bacteria and yeast infection. This dark red or brown staining will diminish or disappear completely if you offer your dog a bottled natural water. Now, we are not trying to be pretentious, or imply we know more than your local veterinarian, however, on more than one occasion it has come to our attention that offering your pet a quality bottled water will do the trick.

K9 Water Co. has vitamin-enriched flavored dog drinking water. The flavors include Toilet Water, Hose Water, Puddle Water, and Gutter Water (Chicken-flavored, Lamb-flavored, Liver-flavored and Beef-flavored waters, respectively).

Dogdration. (formerly Woof Wellness) markets their bottled dog drinking water as “a healthy liquid treat that your dog is sure to love!" It’s made from filtered deionized water and enhanced with electrolytes for hydration, ginseng for overall well-being & alertness, and glucosamine for healthy hips & joints.

PetRefresh. comes in a variety of types. For example, there’s Natural, Beef, Chicken, or Fish — each with a trace of vitamins and minerals. There’s also a combination of Natural Apple Cider Vinegar, Garlic, Brewers Yeast — to naturally prevent fleas and ticks. All of these bottled waters for dogs start with pure mountain stream water at the base, then the flavorings are added.

VitaPaw. is pure natural water with a boatload of vitamins and minerals added. This bottled dog drinking water comes in 1/2-liter or 1-liter bottles.

Pet-Friendly Spring Water. is manufactured in the USA and contains 100% natural spring water. There are no flavors added, and it’s human-consumption approved.

Aqua Pure Breed Dog Water. is made from pure premium spring water. Each of their formulations protects and treats a different part of the body. For example, Green has glucosamine, chondroitin and MSM for healthy bone & joints. Yellow is enhanced with silica for strong, shiny hair and nails as well as acting as a moisturizer for dry skin. Pink includes lots of minerals and is naturally oxygenated to increase energy and maintain fresh breath. Blue is high in magnesium to improve nerve functions while combating heart disease, and is also naturally oxygenated to increase energy and maintain fresh breath. 

BILINER is natural alkaline bicarbonate healing mineral water with a high concentration of minerals. Truly the highest mineral content we have carried, Biliner tips the scales at a TDS level of 5000 ppm. Originating from volcanic rock in Bohemia (now Czech Republic), the water has been known as the original natural mineral healing water throughout Europe for 300 years.

Propel was introduced in 2600 by Gatorade to specifically compete with the water market. The goal of Gatorade was to introduce a new type of Gatorade that didn't have a lot of sugar or carbohydrates, thus expanding their market. Many athletes didn't like all the sugar Gatorade contained, and thus Propel was put on the market.

In 1767, an English scientist named Joseph Priestly began experiments to "stimulate the fixed air found in natural waters". In one of his attempts, he used a primitive apparatus to pour water from one vessel to another held near fermenting vats at a local brewery. He found that the water easily absorbed gas later identified as carbon dioxide, the same modern-day "ffzz". Priestly published his findings in a paper titled "Directions for Impregnating Water with Fixed Air".

Every year, enough untreated sewage escapes into our waterways to completely cover the state of Pennsylvania in sludge an inch thick.

If all the world's water were fit into a gallon jug, the fresh water available for us to use would equal only about one tablespoon.

In a 100-year period, a water molecule spends 98 years in the ocean, 20 months as ice, about 2 weeks in lakes and rivers, and less than a week in the atmosphere.

How do you use your empty water bottle?

Too cute to not include...

always stay hydrated, especially at higher altitudes

yes, these are plastic bottles…

Boulder Valley School District, “water bottle tapestry”

made from the bottom of plastic bottles...